Origin: Stemmed from German Anabaptists in 1521, founded as the Baptists in England
Prime Philosophy: Calvinism
Founder: John Smyth and Thomas Helwys; The Anabaptist founder is Thomas Munzer.
Founding Date: Baptists founded in 1611 and the Anabaptists in 1521
Church Structure: The local church is usually independent and self-governing (congregationalism).
Mission: 1) make disciples 2) build the church 3) teach and instruct
God: Trinitarian Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Sacraments: Baptism, Communion
Salvation: Saved by Faith alone, Assurance of Salvation, Once saved always saved
Scriptures: 66 books, supernaturally inspired
Dogmatic Origins: Sola Scriptura
Church: congregation of baptized believers, charged with the Great Commission to baptize and spread the gospel.
Creation: Genesis account; Baptists generally deny Darwinís theory of
Manís State: Fallen state due to original sin
Sin: covered up by a one-time acceptance of Christ.
Grace: a free gift brought by the Holy Spirit upon being "born again"
Redemption and Salvation: redemption is a free gift available to all
Justification: imputed by faith alone without consideration of works of righteousness.
Repentance: repentance and faith are inseparable solemn obligations and graces. Combined with a confession of Christ as all-sufficient Savior it imputes a covering of sin for all time that can not be undone by further sin. Baptists and fundamentalists believe that a heart-felt confession of faith results in Christ "declaring" a person righteous before God.
Baptism: Trinitarian baptism. Baptism is viewed as a symbol of that personís
acceptance of Christ in faith. They do not believe that grace is conveyed by Baptism or
that original sin is washed away in Baptism. Baptism is viewed as a privilege granted only
to those who can confess Christ as lord for themselves. Thus baptism is not given to
infants and small children.
Communion: Baptists believe that the bread and wine (and sometimes substituted drinks such as grape juice) of communion is not truly the body and blood of Christ, but a symbolic commemoration of the Last Supper.